Research to improve the quality of antivenom and the treatment system using antivenom (AMED Ato Group)

For medical professionals For medical

A comprehensive review (including serum therapy) for marine envenomation bite wounds has been prepared.

A comprehensive review of marine envenomation bite wounds has been prepared and published. The possibility of serum therapy is also discussed.

SN Comprehensive Clinical Medicine


With global warming and an increasing frequency of human interaction with venomous marine organisms, physicians are likely to encounter more cases of marine envenomation in clinical practice in Japan and around the world. Few review articles regarding the clinical characteristics of marine envenomation have been published and there has been no comprehensive review of available  antivenoms, which are the definitive treatment. We discuss the epidemiology, venom activity, clinical symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment of marine envenomation by the Okinawan box jellyfish, stonefish, Portuguese man-of-war, geography cone, and blueringed octopus. A comprehensive review of available antivenom treatments is also presented.